How to properly grasp the text and the idea?

Preparation of writing scientific work (bachelor, master or PhD thesis…) begins at the time of preparation, when we can start with short written notes, which in the future will usually not be part of the professional text, but the author gradually “trains” and “honing” style, respectively improves the form of future writing. It is necessary for the student to master the principles of stylistic works and grammar of the English language, correct punctuation marks, and last but not least, to choose the appropriate use of words.

How to create an interesting, engaging and professional academic text for both the supervisor and the opponent?

The ultimate goal is, therefore, that the text of the expert reader (mostly the supervisor of the work and the opponent) does not create a monotonous impression of repeating words and ideas of expression in the narrow sense. It is the inclusion of foreign words that makes knowledge of their use and placement in the text a prerequisite. Symbology (ie symbols and abbreviations) is also important to control, as it is used to denote in professional works (for example, manipulation device manuals, naming in statistical surveys, and others). Effective labeling will help the reader (manager of the job and opponents) to orientate themselves well and the impression that the “writer / student” is really familiar with the issue. Conversely, misuse of abbreviations and symbols puts chaos and misunderstanding of structured scholarly text. It is recommended to list the markings at the beginning of the text, ie to inform the reader that the selected symbol or abbreviation will be used in the next section. The “writer / student” should thoroughly use the links in the overall structured overview of the technical text, not forgetting the typographic principles. If he mentions some facts and facts, he should not hide their originality and also state his own relationship (personification with the statement and its criticism).

In the case of the “writer’s / student’s” statement, it is necessary to state explicitly how the previous issue of the research was approached, what has already been proven and what will be solved in the thesis (bachelor, diploma …). A “writer / student” must never leave the expert reader in doubt about his intention. Definitely, it is necessary to avoid explaining and interpreting completely basic information, let us not forget that the reader is better at a high professional level and the issue is better than we do. It is inappropriate to put the same thing several times in other words, “round and round” in layman’s terms.

What is it good to do before the final submission of a bachelor, diploma, graduate, mba or other academic work?

It is highly recommended that you read the structured technical text several times before submitting it, it is also good to ask someone else to read the text for our other corrections, as grammatical errors and misspellings can escape the “writer / student” itself. “Writer / student” by repeated reading will lead to possible transcripts and other phrases of the sentences, sometimes to better express the idea, guaranteeing careful correction of deficiencies before handing over the work. Even if you use the spell check to check the text editor of MS Office Word, it is possible that the program ignores the errors or does not record them, and therefore physical check is found to be a great advantage.

Grammatical and stylistic shortcomings of this kind reduce the classification of leaders and opponents of professional otherwise high-quality work. The form of writing should be coherent and consistent throughout the structured text, and the parts should logically follow one another.

There are three ways to write professional texts:

Plural 1st person (we judge, recommend, …), in fact, it gives the reader the impression of multiple authorship (we – inclusive plural), “writer / student” assumes that he / she solves something or, for example, generalizes with the professional reader

in an indeterminate form (it is intended, it is designed,…), the reversible “is” to be avoided (in the vocabulary of a reversible turn it was “determined that…” is not fundamentally used),

The 1st person of the unified number (I am acquainted with,…), can be used in parts of my own work, even if it sounds very unprofessional.

 As previously outlined, it is necessary to adhere to the fundamental rules for writing professional texts, which can be summarized in individual opinions such as clarity of expression, clarity and fulfillment of the logical structure of work. It is good that the “writer / student” keeps the prescribed assignment and also the clear idea of ​​what he / she wants to solve, what he / she is aware of in the monitored issue, what he / she wants to achieve and what he / she wants to contribute to it will be its own added value of the solution, what it really wants to solve.

It follows from the above that the most important prerequisite for writing a high-quality professional text is the “writer’s / student’s idea”, it is necessary to keep in mind what the “writer / student” actually wants to say and also should have knowledge of the issue. shared by readers. If you want to make the message as clear as possible, you need to follow certain rules that we will discuss later.

What to keep in mind when writing and creating academic work?

There is still a need for the “writer / student” to keep in mind who will be the reader (supervisor, opponent). Whether he writes notes himself for his purposes, it is necessary to write them differently than the entire research report, book, article or conference paper. According to the expected reader, “writer / student” will decide the form of interpretation of writing, details and the range of information or facts he wants to convey in a professional work.

First, it is advisable to prepare preliminary content and create a sequence of events that the writer / student intends to communicate and considers them important for the coherence of the work. The most appropriate timetable should be a logical sequence of information and a manageable complex of information in which everything can be communicated, but the information needs to fit together. All contexts of the message should be concise and clear to the reader, so that he can determine where the individual parts of the message belong in a coherent whole.

In order to achieve the above, it is necessary to carefully organize the substance. Decisions on what will be the main chapters, the sub-chapters, and the connections. It is very important to consider the question of what needs to be included in the timetable, as well as ask questions which information needs to be omitted, in order to organize the substance efficiently. This is because a lot of detail can worry the expert reader, as well as omitting all the details in the main message. The result of this phase is the schedule of the communication in the form of a curriculum of the diploma thesis and bachelor thesis, which consists of a sequence of main ideas or messages with defined details (subchapters).

The “writer / reader” must bear in mind that he should write as clearly as possible, without grammatical errors, the principles of style and stylistics with very well-defined parts of the text. When writing a first draft, the writer / student records the views and ideas pertaining to each chapter as well as the details of each subchapter. He then sorts and sorts the thoughts, and sometimes deletes the unformatted text. He explains every recorded opinion, demonstrates it mostly by other authors and illustrates the claims of other experts. It needs to complete examples and concise comments.

How to proceed with the creation of a scientific text, simply construct a professional statement and have an academic impression?

The main sentence “writer / student” expresses the main idea, not the secondary one. At the same time, he is aware of the structure of the scientific text, creating the construction of a story that he gradually completes. Especially at this stage of writing they will appreciate the word processing in a word processor on the computer, since they do not have to rewrite the content structure or change the content of the technical text by lengthy handwriting. It is very useful when using all the tools of text editors to support the text structure (predefined headings and subheading styles, generated content, numbering, etc.).

However, it is necessary to add that even high-speed computers will not be enough for a writer / student to write professional work in a few days. It is also necessary to accept the fact that what has been created as professional work will never be perfect.

At a time when the “writer / student” is sure he has written everything he intended and in the message, it is necessary that he read the structured text several times and make the last adjustments in advance of the deadline and rephrase the unintelligible sentences. The “writer / student” is fully aware that something always remains imperfect, or that there is always another way of explaining. All modifications must be completed by the due date of submission of the diploma and bachelor thesis.

How to think about the introduction of academic work, how long it should be and what is and is not part of it, … briefly and clearly …

The introduction of the thesis determines the reader the goal of the work, which the writer / student has set with sufficient reasoning for the choice of the topic and the issue under consideration. The monitored issue should be sufficiently defined so that there is no contradiction in the defense where the research part of the work should interfere. The “writer / student” will also indicate in the introductory part his approach and the way in which he will deal with the issue, including the intention to use appropriate methodologies. It is very useful if it already indicates the expected added value for science and practice. The introduction is usually written on ½ – 3 standard pages, which depends on the type of scientific work.