“Empirical” research is one of the researches that represents a logical, organized, and systematic process that uses empirical data. Usually it is based on the experience or observation of the phenomenon observed. The aim of the research is to obtain data or monitored information about the world and some of its properties. Partial aims of the research may be explorations – surveys (ie gross understanding of the observed phenomenon), descriptions – descriptions (precise measurements and descriptions of the properties of the observed phenomena, or how? How many? What?) And explanation – explanation (knowledge and description of internal relations between the properties of the observed phenomenon, ie Why?). For example, in social sciences we can encounter conceptually-philosophical research, historical research. Keep going and find out how to use them for both bachelor and master theses.
The exact meaning of “research”
In fact, research is a “method of retrieving information from a sample of individuals” on the basis of which a “writer / student” can obtain information or reasoning on individual preferences, needs, expectations, experiences, attitudes or behavior of a particular population. By selection or “sample” we understand a part of the population, when the term “census” represents the whole survey of this population, when it is not only chosen in a random manner or in a pure way conditioned by the willingness to cooperate with the respondents. For example, objects (media, creations, tourist destinations, etc.) represent the unit of non-human population.
The general distinction between research is in two areas, both in social sciences and in other sciences, namely basic research and applied research.
Basic research focuses on solving the fundamental issues of the monitored area, the theory of the given disciplines, but also on their understanding and explanation of social phenomena. The theoretical method aimed at the logical reconstruction of the explanation or understanding of a phenomenon or process of these key problems and phenomena implies a scientifically experienced approach and a solution procedure which, to explain the nature of the research intention, is not a solution that is intended for immediate use, ie. practical applications.
Application research is then focused on the use and application of acquired knowledge in practice.
The objectivity of scientific research depends on the scientifically correct definition of the issue and the precise formulation of questions, as well as on the correct selection and use of the right research method. The application of relevant methods and techniques in a particular research is presented as a research methodology or research technique. We will discuss the research methodology and techniques later.
Scientific nature of research
If the research meets the following rules, it is usually of a scientific nature:
Firstly, it is necessary to identify the subject of the research to be identifiable, to be precisely determined so that it can be identified and determined for others. To determine the subject of the research means to determine the conditions under which the subject can be spoken, based on the criteria that the ‘writer / student’ has previously identified. If it has set criteria, it also has a tool that makes the subject to determine it, respectively. identification.
Secondly, it is necessary to get to the research arguments that have not yet been set, it is necessary to bring new perspectives on things that have already been discovered. Even a work already compiled from scientific literature has a specific scientific meaning, unless exactly the same work has been published. The specialist “writer / student” collects and brings together the opinions of experts on the issue under consideration.
Thirdly, it is necessary to follow the rule of utility and utility of the work for others. The research is to provide arguments to confirm or refute the assumptions underlying the study or study phenomenon. We do not recommend preventing others or even preventing further research on your own results.
The bachelor thesis and the diploma thesis will be scientific if the “writer / student” demonstrates the practical experience gained in practice in a generally accessible and controllable way, allowing other researchers to do similar research. The “writer / student” is supposed to present a working hypothesis, evidence and at the same time possibilities that confirm or disprove his professional conclusions. The purpose of such scientific research is to move science forward, or to show other scientists how to solve the problem.
In the following articles we will present just the topics that are not suitable for solving professional works such as bachelor’s or master’s thesis.